Farther range vision in sight at local length through cosmic depth of field effects distance fatal flaws in nihilistic fatalism dependent on fate faith in finite existence...
More than five centuries have passed on since Christopher Columbus proved the earth was not flat. His historic demonstration shook many belief systems to their ancient foundations, and some people utterly despised him for upsetting the status quo, but he had nevertheless shown all more reality whether they liked it or not. Much to the surprise, if not shock, of many, his voyage to where he thought then was the eastern coast of India amazed even many experienced sailors in his intrepid crew. To this very day, some attribute to him the arcane esoteric of a powerfully damned sorcerer.
Fred Hoyle, an astronomer and mathematician, developed the idea of nucleosynthesis to explain physical origins, panspermia for terrestrial biogenesis, and the steady-state universe propounded by him, in collaboration with astronomer Thomas Gold and mathematician Hermann Bondi, in 1948, using Einstein's relativity theory on which they had established a foundation for their own hypothetical construct conceived as having integrated Hubble red-shift universal expansion with matter creation.
By Ockham's Razor, consistent with Aristotle, the simplest principle had been to naturally hold that the structure of the universe is static overall, especially in voiding necessity to explain its creation per se.
Under close scrutiny of evermore exacting methodology his theory gradually withered under an unrelenting barrage of constant improvement in developing technique, hardware, instrumentation, structure and process in form and function of scientific inquiry. As a result of real science never settled, eventually, in defense of his theory, Hoyle asked, "If this is not a steady-state universe, then from where did all this come, a big bang?"
Did George Gamov et al laugh as he then seized on these words as an opportunity to call his new theory, "the big bang," as a confrontation to Hoyle et al? Perhaps so, however, since then, Gamov's pet project has suffered numerous setbacks, too, most notably the plaguing question of simply asking how, indeed, something can come from nothing. Of course, "the big bang," tantamount to the big bust as fails to follow from basic logic as reason dictates just common sense demands, cannot rationalize its preposterous premise, no matter how vigorously, zealously, obeisantly or even religiously such plainly obvious nonsense is pursued.
Less than a century ago, the conventional "wisdom" held that all existence was held within the Milky Way. That was before Hubble published his world-shattering photographs of other galaxies, much to the dismayed chagrin of some very prestigiously proud and stubbornly obtuse scientific expert professionals. Further interest yield by spectroscopic examination of these deep space objects of intrigue in measured Doppler red-shift indicating expansion in growing distances among these galaxies caused yet additional consternation among the established class of cosmological authorities.
To this day, prevailing dogma dictates that the universe is uniquely singular, the one, true universe in all of existence. However, what if the sum total of all the mounting repairs to the most favored big bang theory, veritable band-aids having been applied through years and decades of various and sundry rationale in so many layers as have effectively become more like a body cast rendering the terminal patient immobile, rigidly stiff as inflexible as a corpse in rigor mortis, can be easily remedied as easily just stripped away by simply changing a simple article from definite to indefinite, so as to explain "a big bang" as being one of countless others?
If simple gravity more simply, completely and perhaps elegantly explains universal expansion than spooky* "dark energy," (in fact, a cheap imitation of Dewey Larson's RS theory) then the old principle of Ockham's Razor once again just vindicates keeping it simple, students (KISS).
If "big gangs" naturally accumulate the detritus from universal expansions of big bangs, in an ageless cycle mechanistically perpetuating vast ebbs and flows of cosmic pulse through infinite mass shared among large yet finitely universal critical masses determined at each discrete moment when big gang concentration to megasingularity by internal gravitational force has drawn in sufficient mass to tip the balance as then to be drawn back out by the surrounding infinite albeit vastly distant mass gravitational force, then a cosmic steady-state is what we have been observing all along.
If this is actually the case, after all, then Fred Hoyle gets the best of laughs as just last, among other things...
Giordano Bruno burned at the stake in 1600 for not recanting his firm faith in "infinitely many worlds."
*Einstein: "spooky action at a distance," Newtonian gravity annoyed Al...